DIVISION SITUATIONAL OVERVIEW
The island of Cebu, where DepEd Cebu Province is situated, can be found in the Central Visayas Region. It boasts of a total landmass of 5,088 square kilometers. It is bounded in the north by the Visayan Sea, the Camotes Sea in the northeast, Mindanao Sea in the south and Bohol Strait in the southeast. It enjoys subtropical climate, a monthly average temperature of 22.6 – 33.1 degrees centigrade, and monthly mean rainfall at 132 mm. The month of November is endowed with the most rainfall.
Cebu is rich in mineral resources like gold, copper, carbon and limestone. Dolomite, a raw material in making ceramic products, is mined in Alcoy, Cebu.
Cebu Province has two (2) highly urbanized cities (Cebu and Lapu-lapu), one (1) chartered city ( Mandaue), six (6) component cities (Talisay, Naga, Carcar, Toledo, Bogo, and Danao), forty-four (44) municipalities and 1,202 barangays. province.
The population of Cebu Province (excluding that of the cities of Cebu, Mandaue, Lapu-lapu, Danao, Bogo, Naga, Talisay, Carcar and Toledo) as of May 1, 2010 census is 1,863,455. Minglanilla, Consolacion, Daanbantayan, Bantayan, Balamban, Argao, Barili, Dalaguete, San Fernando and Tuburan are the top ten municipalities in terms of population.
Cebu’s major industries are agriculture, fishery, manufacturing and tourism. The main agricultural products are corn, rice, mango, coconut, banana and peanut. Vast tracks of sugarcane plantations can be found in the municipalities of Medellin, San Remigio, Borbon and Tabogon. The Bogo-Medellin Milling Company, one of the biggest sugarcane milling stations in Asia, can be found in Luy-a, Medellin, Cebu. Marine products like tuna, lapulapu (grouper), sardine, flying fish, prawn and crab abound in the waters surrounding the island. Shemberg company located in Luyang, Carmen, Cebu pioneers in producing and processing carrageenan into various food, pharmaceutical, personal care, oral and other non-food application products. Tsuneishi Industries in Balamban, Sandoval Shipyard in Consolacion, and Philippine Trigon Shipyard in Sangat, San Fernando, have been involved in shipbuilding and ship breaking activities. Philippine Mining Service Corporation at Pasol-Pugalo, Alcoy, Cebu extracts and exports raw materials such as dolomite for production of ceramic products. In recent years, tourism has become one of the fastest growing industries in the province. Five star hotels, spa and resorts can now be found in Badian, Argao, Dalaguete, Sogod and in the islands of Bantayan, Malapascua and Camotes.
DepEd Cebu Province Division plays a vital role in the educational system of Cebu. It has become the breeding ground of successful figures, both in the academe and in sports. It is composed of fifty-four (54) districts with eight hundred ninety-two (892) Elementary Schools, two hundred (200) Regular Secondary Schools and nineteen (19) Integrated Schools, spread throughout the forty-four (44) municipalities. It has fifteen thousand four hundred fifty-six (15, 456) personnel broken down into 11,837 Teachers, 1,087 School Officials, 1,160 Non-Teaching Staff, 1,014 Contracted Pre-School Teachers and 358 Locally Paid Teachers making it the biggest division in the entire country.
Aside from public elementary and secondary schools, there are also private institutions offering basic education. Prominent state colleges and universities have established campuses outside of Cebu City. Cebu Technological University operates extension schools in Carmen, San Francisco, Daanbantayan, Tuburan, Barili, Dumanjug, Moalboal, Samboan, Oslob and Argao. Likewise, Cebu Normal University has campuses in Medellin and Balamban. Community colleges are also established in the municipalities of Madridejos, Consolacion and Sibonga.
Cebuanos are deeply religious people. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion among Cebuanos. Evident to that are the beautiful and magnificent churches scattered all over the province. Worthy to mention are the following:
Basilica Minore Del Santo Nino in Cebu City, Saint Joseph National Shrine in Mandaue City, and Our Lady of Lindogon Shrine in Sibonga. Aside from these structures, there are old churches dedicated to Immaculate Conception of Oslob, Nuestra Senora dela Patrocinio of Boljoon, St. Gregory the Great of Ginatilan, Sta. Rosa Delima of Daanbantayan, Saint Vincent Ferrer of San Fernando, Saint Anne of Barili, and Saint Catherine of Carcar City just to name a few.
Sinulog Festival, the mother of all festivals in the country, is celebrated every third Sunday of January in honor of Senyor Sto. Nino, the Patron Saint of Cebu. The festival has drawn millions of tourists both local and international. It also showcases the best of Cebuano cultural heritage.
Cebu has television and cable stations, namely: MyChannel (channel 28), Real Cebu Television (channel 36), Amazing Cebu (channel 56), Sugbo TV (channel 14, the official TV channel operated by the Cebu Provincial Government) and the Cebu Catholic Television Network (channel 47, a religious station partly owned and endorsed by the Archdiocese of Cebu). MyChannel, RCTV, Amazing Cebu and Sugbo TV are only seen on cable television while CCTN operates an UHF frequency on channel 47. It can also be accessed through Skycable’s channel 56.
Despite having these local stations, Cebuanos prefer to watch the Philippines’ three dominant television networks namely: ABS-CBN, TV5 and GMA Network Inc. While national newspapers have presence in the island, Cebu has English-language local newspapers: The Freeman (under the Star Group), Sun.Star Cebu and Cebu Daily News (under the Inquirer Group), while there are also Cebuano language newspapers, SunStar SuperBalita owned by Sun Star and Banat News owned by The Freeman. Each of the local newspapers sells for about 10 peso a copy, which is much cheaper than their national counterparts.
In terms of accessibility, places in Cebu Province can be reached by riding on public utility vehicles plying in different routes; from the north to the south, from the east to the west. Remote underlying areas can be reached through motorcycles for hire, popularly known as “Habal-Habal”, or by riding on animals such as horses or carabaos.
Island municipalities and barangays can be reached by taking a ride on a ferry boat or a motorized banca. Hagnaya Port in San Remigio, Maya Port in Daanbantayan and the Port of Danao City are entry points to the islands of Bantayan, Malapascua and Camotes, respectively. The port located in Tabuelan connects Cebu to Escalante City of Negros Occidental, Taloot Port of Argao and Cordova Wharf connect Cebu to Loon and Tubigon and Jetape and Buenavista all in Bohol, respectively. Tangil Port in Dumanjug connects Cebu to Guihulngan City, Lilo-an Wharf in Santander serves as gateways to Negros Oriental via Sibulan, Bato Wharf of Samboan connects Cebu to Amlan and Dapitan City, while Mainit Wharf of Oslob links the province to Siquijor and Dumaguete City